Peer-review is the term used for the evaluation process by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work.
Goal Of Peer-reviewThe goal of peer review is to assess the quality of articles submitted for publication in a scholarly journal and maintain a standard for the articles published in that particular journal.
Need for Peer- ReviewIf peer-reviewed articles are accepted for publication , it implies that those articles are the best research practices in a field as a peer-reviewed journal will never publish articles that fail to meet the standards established for a given discipline.
Why is it called Peer-review?The reviewers who review the article submitted by the author are specialized in the same scholarly area as the author and so they are considered the author’s peers. Hence, it is called the Peer-review Process.
- The author of the article submit the article to the journal editor.
- The editor of the journal forwards the article to experts (peers ) in the field.
- These experts are impartial to review the article and carefully evaluate and assess the quality, accuracy and validity of the research methodology and procedures of the submitted manuscript.
- If they find the manuscript appropriate and standard, they might suggest revisions. After being satisfied, they accept it.
- On the other hand, if the reviewers find the article lacking in scholarly validity and rigor, they reject it.
Features Of a peer-reviewed article
- The journal in which the article is published must describe itself as a peer-reviewed publication.
- There must be citation for it in one of the databases that includes scholarly publications.
- There is an abstract (summary) at the beginning of the article.
- The tone of the article is thoughtful, restrained and serious.
- The article have footnotes or citations of other sources.
- The article must have a bibliography or list of references at the end.
Author's credentials are listed in the article.
The topic of the article is explored in depth.
The article is written for readers with some prior knowledge of the subject.
The article is divided into proper sections with headings such as Introduction, Theory or Background, Result, Discussion, Conclusion etc.
- “Evaluating Information Sources”, Lloyd Sealy Library.
- "AICPA Peer Review Manual”, American Institute of CPAs. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "Peer Review” , UK Legal Services Commission. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- H. Fang. "Peer review and over-competitive research funding fostering mainstream opinion to monopoly", Scientometrics, 87(2), pp. 293-301 (2011).